FEMA P-312, Homeowner's Guide to Retrofitting Second Edition (2009)

The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has prepared this guide specifically for homeowners who want to know how to protect their homes from flooding.  


As a homeowner, you need clear information about the options available to you and straightforward guidance that will help you make decisions.

This guide gives you both, in a form designed for readers who have little or no experience with flood protection methods or building construction techniques.
  Click Image for more information.

The Cost of Flooding

All it takes is a few inches of water to cause major damage to your home and its contents.  This interactive tool shows you what a flood to your home could cost, inch by inch.


Click Image for more information.

Protect Your Property from Flooding

Protecting your property from flooding can involve a variety of actions, from inspecting and maintaining the building to installing protective devices.  Most of these actions, especially those that affect the structure of your building or their utility systems, should be carried out by qualified maintenance staff or professional contractors licensed to work in your state, county, or city.  One example of flood protection is using flood-resistant construction materials.


Click Image for more information.

Protect Your Property or Business from Disaster

If you aren’t sure whether your property or business is at risk from disasters caused by natural hazards, check with your local building official, city engineer, or planning and zoning administrator.  They can tell you whether you are in an area where hurricanes, floods, earthquakes, wildfires, or tornadoes are likely to occur.  Also, they usually can tell you how to protect yourself, your house, business and property from the different hazards.


Click Image for more information.

FEMA 348, Protecting Building Utilities from Flood Damage (1999)

The overall objective of this document is to assist in the construction of buildings with building utility systems that are designed and built so that the buildings can be re-occupied and fully operational as soon as electricity and sewer and water are restored to the neighborhood.


Click Image for more information.

Flood Safety

Floods are one of the most common hazards in the United States, however not all floods are alike.  Some floods develop slowly, while others such a flash floods, can develop in just a few minutes and without visible signs of rain.  Additionally, floods can be local, impacting a neighborhood or community, or very large, affecting entire river basins and multiple states.


Click Image for more information.